I’m co-hosting a Restorative Yoga workshop next weekend (21 May) with my friend and fellow yoga teacher, Constanza. As part of my preparation, I’ve been re-reading Your Body, Your Yoga (yin yoga teacher Bernie Clark’s latest book) in which he talks a lot about physical differences in yoga students and how important it is to practice for your own body.
I love Bernie’s philosophy because he’s clear about the why behind doing yoga: “to use the pose to get into the body.”1
And he’s a huge advocate of using props to support the pose – as am I. Props can make all the difference in a pose and I encourage their use extensively in my yin yoga classes. They’re even more necessary in restorative yoga!
Restorative yoga is a practice of being, rather than doing. Opening and softening, rather than stretching. Deliberating resting, rather than sleeping. It’s all about comfort and it’s much easier to be comfortable when we’re supported and the body is at ease.
I know that there are many yogis who feel like props are cheating. For me, it’s just plain stupid not to use all of the tools available to make your yoga practice (or your life) the best it can be. It’s like eschewing technological advances in because they make life too easy and too comfortable.
Just like technology creates the opportunity for better living, props create the opportunity for better yoga!
ps – I had no idea that ‘Better Living through Chemistry’ started as a DuPont advertising slogan. Always new things to learn!
1 The full quote from the January 2014 YinYoga.com newsletter is:
Yangsters hate props – are you a yangster? The use of a prop is unconsciously equated to cheating. The inner dialogues goes something like this, “I can do this pose! I don’t need no stinking prop!” But yinsters know something that yangsters haven’t quite grasped yet – the intention of their yoga practice is not to look any particular way; it is not to get into a pose: the intention is to feel a particular way; to use the pose to get into the body. Yinsters don’t care if a little extra help is needed to get sensation into the targeted area: if props can help – let’s use props!
There’s a spot in my mid-back that sometimes feels as though it holds all the tension in my body. Like every keyboard stroke, knife cut, sponge scrub, page flip, steering wheel turn, and slouch collects between my shoulder blades and knots together.
The best method I’ve found to release that tension is a long-held standing forward fold. The yin version of the pose is different than an active standing fold (called uttanasana) as the focus is on holding for a minute or more, relaxing the back body and releasing the shoulders. Bent knees, supportive arms, and resting against a wall are all welcome!
A yin standing forward fold is known as a dangle and that’s exactly the hope: that your upper body hangs and allows the muscles and fascia loosen.
Because your head is below your heart, this pose isn’t great for people with high blood pressure and anyone with low blood pressure should come out of it really slowly. Be cautious and slowly release the posture if you feel any pain.
Why it’s good
- Releases tension from the shoulder blades, mid-back, and neck
- Helps decompress the lower spine and sacroiliac region
- Stretches the backs of the legs – if you straighten them
- Promotes good balance
- Compresses the digestive organs, which can improve digestion and alleviate menstrual cramps
- Encourages relaxation and can reduce anxiety and stress
How to do it
- Start by standing tall with your feet parallel and hip width apart
- let your spine stretch upwards and your shoulders drop away from your ears
- feel sturdy and balanced – your hips stacked atop your feet, your shoulders square above your hips, and your head floating above your shoulders
- With an exhale, bend your knees and allow your torso to drop towards the fronts of your thighs
- don’t feel any pressure to have your chest rest on your legs; most people will have significant space between upper and lower body
- Straighten your legs to intensify the stretch along the backs of your legs or keep your knees bent to encourage the stretch in your back
- do not lock your knees
- try leaning against a wall for additional support
- Experiment with arm positioning to find what works best for you
- clasping each elbow with the opposite hand draws more of a stretch into the upper back and shoulders and can make your torso feel heavier
- resting your hands on your thighs lessens pressure through your lower back
- allowing your hands dangle freely or rest softly on the floor helps open the mid-back
- Let you head release and encourage the muscles in your back, shoulders, arms, and neck to be heavy
- Soften your gaze or, it’s comfortable and doesn’t mess with your balance, close your eyes
- Stay dangling for at least a minute and up to five minutes
- mindfully move your arms and bend or straighten your knees to find the best version of the pose for you, but try not to fidget
- if it helps, visualize your spine flowing out of your pelvis like water flowing out of a pitcher, allowing tension to ebb away
- if the pose doesn’t feel right, you can get a similar stretch in a seated forward fold with a rolled blanket or bolster under your bent knees
To come out of dangle:
- If you’ve held the pose for several minutes, be cautious! Slowly come out of it using any of the methods below, then take a few deep breaths to regain your balance before moving to your next pose
- Option 1:
- Engage your abdominal muscles, bend your knees, and take several breaths to roll up to standing
- Option 2:
- Bend your knees and lower your hips downwards to come into a squat. Rest in a squat for at least a few breaths before lowering onto your seat or slowly moving to standing
- Option 3:
- Rest your hands on your shins and straighten your back; strengthen your abdominal muscles and inhale to come halfway up with your back parallel to the floor; exhale and let your upper body and hands release down again. Repeat this halfway raise a couple times before inhaling up to standing with your back straight.
It’s normal to feel some dizziness after your head has been down for a while. Take a few moments to regain your composure and allow the blood to flow throughout your body before progressing with your practice or continuing with your day.
As dangling is a strong forward bend, it can be nice to follow it with a back bend. Even standing and simply drawing your shoulders back as you lift your face and chest to the sky can be enough to release any tension in your front body that may have built up as you dangled.
Repeat whenever that congested mid-back feeling arises. This is a great pose for airports and offices because it requires no mat and no props!
Our flat in Munich is a ways out of the city and U-Bahn construction at the closest station means that cycling is the most efficient method for getting around. It’s been a long time since I’ve done any pedalling and my leg muscles are struggling with this newfound exertion.
Thankfully, our flat has a lovely open wall that’s perfect for my favourite restorative yoga pose – legs up the wall. Pair the leg-relaxing posture with a glass of wine and the strain in my lower body disappears!
The pose itself is super-easy (see my how-to in a previous post) – the most difficult part is managing the glass! I’m careful to make sure the wine is safe coming into and out of legs up the wall and set the glass within easy reach for the 10-15 minutes I’m laying on the floor.
Sipping while supine is challenging, but the relaxation is well worth it!
Sukasana or easy pose is sometimes decidedly not easy. In fact, it’s name is often a misnomer and holding the pose can be very challenging for anyone who has troublesome ankles, knees, or hips.
Without a block or bolster under my seat, ‘easy pose’ becomes ‘incredibly-hard-and-uncomfortable pose’ for me within a couple minutes. Knee injuries, tight hips, and internal femoral rotation come together to make sitting cross-legged a hard pose to hold when I’m not propped. Which means I’m rarely in sukasana without something tucked under my butt – even if it’s only a folded mat or sweater.
Just about everyone who’s taken a yoga class has done easy pose. It’s often where a practice begins and ends and is the most common position for meditating. If you find sukasana decidedly uneasy, try adding height under your seat – props can make a huge difference!
Why it’s good
- Stretches knee and ankle joints – and sometimes the hips as well
- Help strengthen the muscles along your spine (erector spinae) and contributes to good posture
- Helps calm your mind and manage stress when you hold the pose as part of meditation
How to do it
To come out of easy pose:
- Uncross your legs (using your arms and hands to help if you’d like) and slowly unbend your knees
- Gently bring movement back into your legs
- Straighten and bounce your legs
- Rest the soles of your feet on the mat/floor, bend your knees, and drop them side-to-side in windshield wipers
- Carry on with the rest of your practice or the rest of your day
Easy pose externally rotates the hips, so you may wish to counter it with an internally rotated pose like deer (see how to do deer pose on YinYoga.com), although many people feel no need for any counter pose at all.
Back-bending sphinx pose can’t help bring to mind the Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt. I like using that enormous limestone statue as inspiration when holding the posture in a yin yoga practice: level gaze, long neck, relaxed shoulders, and unstrained stillness.
Dogs are also phenomenal models for sphinx. My dog, Sofie, often flops down into sphinx to wait for the next bit of excitement to cross her path.
In a yin yoga practice, the purpose of sphinx is not to bend your lower back as much as you possibly can, but to use your arms and belly to support the weight of your torso and let your back soften. It’s even better if you can convince your neck, shoulders, hips, and legs to relax as well.
Resist the temptation to come into your deepest back bend; instead, find a comfortable compression through your low back. You can always intensify the posture as you sink into it. Likewise, you can always reduce the intensity if you’re getting warning signs that it’s becoming too much.
The gentlest sphinx is simply resting flat on your stomach with your chin on your hands – although that’s certainly resembles the sphinx in Egypt a lot less!
Why it’s good
- Compresses the lower back, which counters our strong forward-folding tendencies
- we rarely bend backwards in the course of our daily lives, but often bend forwards (e.g. while driving, working at a computer, reading, lifting groceries/kids/dogs)
- Helps to create a flexible spine and tone back muscles
- Stretches stomach muscles and helps open the throat and upper chest
- Can release tension from the shoulder blades/mid-back
- Aids in detoxification
- releasing the pose give the kidneys a fresh supply of blood, which that flushes out toxins
How to do it
- Start by lying facedown
- let your belly press into the mat as you breathe
- Draw your forearms under your chest with elbows bent
- keep your elbows ahead of your shoulders
- Rest the weight of your torso onto your forearms and relax your shoulders
- feel your shoulders drop away from your ears; allow your shoulder blades to soften
- Keep your chest and collar bones open
- feel your lungs expand in all directions with every inhale and let go of tension with every exhale
- Experiment with the positioning of your arms, hands, legs, and head until you find the right balance of compression in your low back, stretch along your front, and ease through your shoulders
- To decrease compression in your low back:
- draw your elbows further away from your chest, letting your torso come closer to the floor
- widen your legs and/or your elbows/forearms
- To increase compression in your low back
- bring your elbows closer to your chest (just as long as they’re still ahead of your shoulders)
- narrow your legs
- rest your forearms on a bolster or block to bring your chest further from the floor
- bend your knees and let your heels come towards your buttocks
- To reduce stress on your shoulders and release tension in your upper back
- rest your torso on a folded blanket, block, or bolster
- place a soft, small weight (like an eye pillow or bean bag) between your shoulder blades to encourage them to relax
- To stretch the back of your neck and stimulate your throat
- drop your chin towards your chest without compressing into your collar bones – don’t round your upper back
- To stretch your throat and compress the back of your neck
- turn your face towards the ceiling, being sure to keep your jaw and throat relaxed
- Keep your head centred between your shoulders and your allow your eyes to close or your gaze to soften
- Hold sphinx pose for up to six minutes
- adjust your head/arm/leg positioning as necessary to intensify or lessen the compression in your low back, but resist fidgeting
To come out of sphinx:
- For a little extra stretch, inhale and draw the crown of your head upwards, without letting your shoulders come towards your ears
- As you exhale, gently slide your elbows outwards, slowly lowering your torso to the mat
- Rest on your belly for a few moments, enjoying the flow of energy and fluid through your low back
Child’s pose is good counter to release the lower back, but some people find that simply lying on their stomachs and letting their breath move to the area that was compressed in sphinx is enough to relieve low-back tension.
Gorgeous weather calls for celebratory yoga. And what better way to honour the sun than with a salutation?
Sun salutations are sequences with easy to remember poses that flow into each other, allowing you to focus on the moment and the movement. When you’re not worrying about what posture comes next, you can let your breath dictate your transitions and let your brain zone out.
There are many different versions of sun salutations, most of which are based on the traditional Sun Salutation A. While I like the sequences of the traditional sun salutations, I most often adapt the flow depending on what body parts feel like they need more attention and the circumstances of my practice.
Modified sun salutations are great for travel; it’s easy to adapt the sequence to take up very little floor space or to do without a mat. I’ve done something like the sequence below on muddy trails, sandy beaches, between beds on hotel room floors, and even in the snow while wearing boots as shown in the photo.
Don’t worry if you miss a breath or two or forget what side you’re on. You can always come back to the start and re-group in Mountain pose. It’s really about moving and breathing… the poses and flow are just there to help get things going!
Hands-free sun salutation
This probably looks like a lot of steps, but it’s surprising how smooth the movements become and how quickly you can glide through a full sequence.
Why it’s good
- Gets circulation going and works your cardiovascular system
- good for warming up the body and generating heat!
- Stimulates the lymphatic system
- Strengthens and gently tones a range of muscles – from the ones along your spine to your shoulders & arms and into your legs
- Stretches most muscles along the front & back body (abs, back, hips, hamstrings, shoulders, chest, calves, neck)
- Works your joints – from toes & ankles up through your neck & shoulders – in a healthy way
- Encourages balance and deep breathing
How to do it
- Start standing in Mountain pose
- standing tall, with even pressure on both feet
- As you inhale, come into a Salute
- raise arms above your head; palms facing, fingers reaching to the sky
- As you exhale, bend backwards into a Standing Back Bend
- look upwards, open your chest, and draw shoulders back
- Inhale to bring yourself back to Centre
- bring neck and back straight, arms stay up
- Exhale slowly into a Swan Dive
- gracefully lower chest towards thighs, sweeping arms wide
- Hold a Forward Fold for a full cycle of breath
→ inhale to lengthen your spine & exhale to soften your torso
- hold each elbow with each palm, hips lift upwards, torso relaxes
- As you inhale, come into Half-forward Fold
- back flat and parallel to ground, palms resting on your knees, look forward
- Exhale into a Forward Fold again
- chest towards thighs, fingertips towards the ground, bend your knees if necessary
- With an inhale, bring your Right Leg Back to Lunge
- shift weight to left side, keeping your left knee at 90° and directly over your ankle
- Exhale to settle into the Lunge
- sink hips your hips lower if comfortable and make sure pelvis stays even; rest your hands on your left thigh or at your sides
- Inhale to raise your arms up into a Back-bending Lunge
- arms are shoulder-width apart and shoulders stay relaxed; open your chest as much as comfortable
- Exhale into another Forward Fold
- let your shoulders and hips relax as your arms extend towards the ground and your feet come parallel and hip-width apart
- Inhale to draw your Left Leg Back to Lunge
- shift weight to right side, right knee bent at 90° and directly over your ankle
- Use your exhale to settle into the Lunge on this side
- keep your hips from sagging, rest your hands on your right thigh or alongside your torso, and feel the strength in your legs
- Inhale, drawing your arms up into a Back-bending Lunge
- shoulders relaxed and rolled back with your chest open
- Exhale to bring your feet together into Forward Fold
- torso relaxes towards thighs, arms dangle down, feet come together
- Inhale and lengthen your spine into Half-forward Fold
- gazing forward with a flat back
- Exhale into the last Forward Fold of the sequence
- bend your knees a little to relax your legs, relax your shoulders and let your arms hang down
- With a slow inhale, sweep up to a Salute
- bring your arms wide and palms facing as you raise your torso with a flat back
- Exhale and draw your palms together and lower your arms into Mountain with Prayer
- lightly press your hands together in front of your chest, relax your shoulders, feel both feet grounded
Repeat the series a few times, switching which leg moves back into the lunge first if you’d like. And, of course, find your own modifications dependent on what your circumstances are like!
As I mentioned in January, I’m reducing my teaching commitments to free myself to make the next leap.
While I’m still not certain what that leap is, I know that I’ll only be teaching one class a week. The last class standing is the 6:30pm yin yoga class at Bound Lotus Meditation & Yoga Centre in North Vancouver.
Yin is consistently one of my favourite styles of yoga to practice and teach. There are many reasons why I do yin yoga, mostly I love the stillness and the meditativeness.
Outside of a yin yoga practice, I like finding a moment or two of stillness and a few meditative breaths in mountain pose (or tadasana). Mountain pose is simply standing; well-balanced, connected through the soles of your feet… allowing your lower body to be heavy and grounded, while your upper body stays light and floats upwards.
In a typical yoga practice, I often use mountain as a foundation for other standing postures and as part of sun salutation sequences, but it’s also lovely to do on it’s own. It’s easy to sneak in a little mountain-meditation throughout the day – waiting for lights when walking, queuing in line, doing dishes… any time you’re standing is a good time for a few mountain breaths!
Why it’s good
- Helps improve posture, develops balance, and creates body awareness
- Strengthens and gently tones abdominal and back muscles as you engage your core to keep upright
- Engages the muscles in your legs and buttocks, creating strong thighs, knees, ankles, and buttocks
- Connects all the energy centres of the body, helping you feel more aligned and centred
- Allows you to take a pause in your day and focus on your mental and physical experience
How to do it
- Stand with your feet parallel and roughly hip distance apart
- Changing foot width varies the balance point; most people find this pose challenges their balance more feet closer together
- Gently sway your body to connect all parts of your feet to the mat or floor and feel your weight evenly balanced (front & back, left & right) before coming to stillness
- Roll your shoulders back and down (away from your ears) a few times before allowing your arms to rest alongside your body
- Many people like to rotate their arms to allow their thumbs to point away from their bodies; listen to what’s best for your body and let your arms rest wherever they feel comfortable
- Let your collarbones soften and spread, feeling a gentle lift coming from your upper chest
- Feel the crown of your head floating towards the sky and tuck your chin in slightly to keep your neck in-line with the rest of your spine
- Lightly engage your core and leg muscles to keep your spine straight
- Sense the tallness of your body
- Allow your lower body to feel rooted, grounded, connecting you with the earth while your upper body feels light, weightless, floating upwards and connecting you with the sky
- Breath deeply and smoothly through your nose for several breaths, letting the still, solidness of a mountain fill you
To come out of mountain:
- Simply step into your next pose or move on with your day!
The yin class I’m teaching tonight at Bound Lotus will certainly involve a little mountain time. Come join me if you can 🙂